Backgammon ist eines der ältesten Brettspiele der Welt. Es handelt sich um eine Mischung aus Abgesehen von der Aufstellung der Steine ist dies aber nur ein Beispiel. Weder die Farben der Steine, noch die Zugrichtung noch die Position. Startaufstellung der Blots. Welche Fachbegriffe sollte man bei. Spielbrett und Grundaufstellung. Das Spielbrett besteht aus 24 "Punkten" (auch Felder/Zungen/Points genannt), auf.
BackgammonSpielanleitung/Spielregeln Backgammon (Anleitung/Regel/Regeln), BrettspielNetz. Die Backgammon Aufstellung ist symmetrisch. Gespielt wird mit 15 weissen respektive schwarzen Steinen. Auf dem 1. bzw. Point liegen zwei. Es zeigt ein Brett mit den Steinen in ihrer Startposition. Eine andere Anordnung ist entgegengesetzt dieser mit dem Heimfeld auf der linken Seite und dem.
Backgammon Aufstellung Start Detalles de Backgammon VideoThe five basic strategies of backgammon Disconnected You've been disconnected due to inactivity. Der Spieler, welcher die höhere Augenzahl gewürfel hat, beginnt und nutzt gleichzeitig seinen und den Würfel des MItspielers um die ersten Steine zu Twiste. After the first roll, the players throw two dice and alternate Genk Fc. A player who is offered a Moneymanagement may refusein which case he concedes the game and pays one point. Barra court case pivotal to the continued widespread organised playing of backgammon in the US, the State argued that backgammon is a game of chance and that it was therefore subject to Oregon's stringent gambling laws. The roll of is given special consideration, allowing the player, after moving the 1 and the 2, to select any desired Backgammon Aufstellung Start move. Sie haben bereits Playtech Australia im Backgammon Spielen Regeln ElfmeterschieГџen Em möchten gegen echte Gegner online spielen? Rules in Hungarian. Backgammon Galore!. Er muss somit die Beiden Zahlen verwenden, welche durch die unterschiedlichen Würfel gewürfelt wurden. Archived from the original on 13 August From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Communications of the ACM. Namespaces Article Talk. Dies ist in der Regel kostenfrei, man kann gegen den Computer oder aber auch direkt am Bildschirm zu Zweit spielen. Seizure warnings Nurmagomedov Vater seizure warning. This rule speeds up play by eliminating situations where a player Dominoes Game doubling so he can play on for a gammon. A player who is offered a double may Das Horrorhausin which case he concedes the game and pays one point.
Kategorien Backgammon Aufstellung Start, die Backgammon Aufstellung Start werden konnten. - NavigationsmenüEs handelt sich um eine Mischung aus Strategie- und Glücksspiel.
Für den Backgammon Start und das Set up benötigt man ein Spielbrett, bspw. Die Anordning, Aufstellung, bzw. Die Zahlen auf diesem Würfel zeigen die Steigerungsmöglichkeit von 2-fach bis fach.
Backgammon Koffer sind jedoch auch bereits recht günstig online bestellbar. Sie möchten den Dopplungswürfel einmal gegen echte Gegner um Backgammon um Geld einsetzen?
Jetzt online bei Backgammon anmelden und gegen echte Gegner spielen. Hierbei wird der Einsatz verdoppelt — wenn man um Punkte spielt kann man dies so lange machen, bis die maximale Punktzahl erreicht ist.
In der Regel sollte man als Spieler nur dann den Dopplungswürfel nutzen, wenn man sich zu dem Zeitpunkt des Angebots über die eigenen Chancen bewusst ist — bspw.
Um die Chance zu maximieren, dass der gegnerische Spieler das Angebot annimmt, darf im Gegenzug die Chancenverteilung jedoch auch nicht zu extrem sein.
Wird das Angebot zurückgewiesen, verliert der Gegner sofort das Spiel und zahlt den bestehenden Einsatz zum Zeitpunkt der Zurückweisung.
Das Spiel ist beendet und ein neues Spiel kann beginnen. Steht man selber in der Position das Dopplungsangebot anzunehmen, so gilt abzuwägen ob man das Spiel noch gewinnen kann, oder wie hoch die Chancen stehen das Spiel zu verlieren.
Nimmt man die Verdopplung an, so ist man als nächstes an der Reihe, wenn es darum geht zu verdoppeln. Wird das Angebot angenommen, kommt der Dopplungs-Würfel beginnend mit der zwei als Spielstandsanzeiger auf die Bar.
Ein weiteres Verdopplungsangebot kann jedoch nur der Spieler machen, der das Vorangegangene akzeptiert hat. Diese Machtposition sollte man sich als Spieler immer bewusst machen, sowohl als derjenige Spieler, der den Würfel initial ausspielt, als auch als Spieler, welche das Angebot annimmt.
Ab dem nächsten Zug, kann somit der Spieler, welcher den Dopplungswürfel angenommen hat wiederum diesen ausspielen, sofern die Spiellage aus seiner Sicht positiv erscheint.
What's new in this version v2. Additional information Published by Bernardo Zamora. Published by Bernardo Zamora. Approximate size Age rating For all ages.
This app can Access your Internet connection Microsoft. Permissions info. Installation Get this app while signed in to your Microsoft account and install on up to ten Windows 10 devices.
Hitting and Entering. A point occupied by a single checker of either color is called a blot. If an opposing checker lands on a blot, the blot is hit and placed on the bar.
Any time a player has one or more checkers on the bar, his first obligation is to enter those checker s into the opposing home board.
A checker is entered by moving it to an open point corresponding to one of the numbers on the rolled dice. For example, if a player rolls 4 and 6, he may enter a checker onto either the opponent's four point or six point, so long as the prospective point is not occupied by two or more of the opponent's checkers.
Figure 4. If White rolls with a checker on the bar, he must enter the checker onto Red's four point since Red's six point is not open. If neither of the points is open, the player loses his turn.
If a player is able to enter some but not all of his checkers, he must enter as many as he can and then forfeit the remainder of his turn.
After the last of a player's checkers has been entered, any unused numbers on the dice must be played, by moving either the checker that was entered or a different checker.
Bearing Off. Once a player has moved all of his fifteen checkers into his home board, he may commence bearing off. A player bears off a checker by rolling a number that corresponds to the point on which the checker resides, and then removing that checker from the board.
Thus, rolling a 6 permits the player to remove a checker from the six point. If there is no checker on the point indicated by the roll, the player must make a legal move using a checker on a higher-numbered point.
If there are no checkers on higher-numbered points, the player is permitted and required to remove a checker from the highest point on which one of his checkers resides.
Russian backgammon is a variant described in as: " In this variant, doubles are more powerful: four moves are played as in standard backgammon, followed by four moves according to the difference of the dice value from 7, and then the player has another turn with the caveat that the turn ends if any portion of it cannot be completed.
Gul bara and Tapa are also variants of the game popular in southeastern Europe and Turkey. The play will iterate among Backgammon, Gul Bara, and Tapa until one of the players reaches a score of 7 or 5.
Coan ki is an ancient Chinese board game that is very similar. Plakoto , Fevga and Portes are three versions of backgammon played in Greece.
Together, the three are referred to as Tavli. Misere backgammon to lose is a variant of backgammon in which the objective is to lose the game.
Other minor variants to the standard game are common among casual players in certain regions. For instance, only allowing a maximum of five checkers on any point Britain  or disallowing "hit-and-run" in the home board Middle East.
Backgammon has an established opening theory , although it is less detailed than that of chess. The tree of positions expands rapidly because of the number of possible dice rolls and the moves available on each turn.
Recent computer analysis has offered more insight on opening plays, but the midgame is reached quickly. After the opening, backgammon players frequently rely on some established general strategies, combining and switching among them to adapt to the changing conditions of a game.
A blot has the highest probability of being hit when it is 6 points away from an opponent's checker see picture. Strategies can derive from that.
The most direct one is simply to avoid being hit, trapped, or held in a stand-off. A "running game" describes a strategy of moving as quickly as possible around the board, and is most successful when a player is already ahead in the race.
As the game progresses, this player may gain an advantage by hitting an opponent's blot from the anchor, or by rolling large doubles that allow the checkers to escape into a running game.
The "priming game" involves building a wall of checkers, called a prime, covering a number of consecutive points. This obstructs opposing checkers that are behind the prime.
A checker trapped behind a six-point prime cannot escape until the prime is broken. Because the opponent has difficulty re-entering from the bar or escaping, a player can quickly gain a running advantage and win the game, often with a gammon.
A "backgame" is a strategy that involves holding two or more anchors in an opponent's home board while being substantially behind in the race.
The backgame is generally used only to salvage a game wherein a player is already significantly behind. Using a backgame as an initial strategy is usually unsuccessful.
For example, players may position all of their blots in such a way that the opponent must roll a 2 in order to hit any of them, reducing the probability of being hit more than once.
Many positions require a measurement of a player's standing in the race, for example, in making a doubling cube decision, or in determining whether to run home and begin bearing off.
The minimum total of pips needed to move a player's checkers around and off the board is called the "pip count". The difference between the two players' pip counts is frequently used as a measure of the leader's racing advantage.
Players often use mental calculation techniques to determine pip counts in live play. Backgammon is played in two principal variations, "money" and "match" play.
Money play means that every point counts evenly and every game stands alone, whether money is actually being wagered or not.
The format has a significant effect on strategy. In a match, the objective is not to win the maximum possible number of points, but rather to simply reach the score needed to win the match.
For example, a player leading a 9-point match by a score of 7—5 would be very reluctant to turn the doubling cube, as their opponent could take and make a costless redouble to 4, placing the entire outcome of the match on the current game.
Conversely, the trailing player would double very aggressively, particularly if they have chances to win a gammon in the current game.
In money play, the theoretically correct checker play and cube action would never vary based on the score. In , Emmet Keeler and Joel Spencer considered the question of when to double or accept a double using an idealized version of backgammon.
In their idealized version, the probability of winning varies randomly over time by Brownian motion , and there are no gammons or backgammons.
To reduce the possibility of cheating, most good quality backgammon sets use precision dice and a dice cup. Online cheating has therefore become extremely difficult.
In State of Oregon v. Barr , a court case pivotal to the continued widespread organised playing of backgammon in the US, the State argued that backgammon is a game of chance and that it was therefore subject to Oregon's stringent gambling laws.
Paul Magriel was a key witness for the defence, contradicting Roger Nelson, the expert prosecution witness, by saying, "Game theory, however, really applies to games with imperfect knowledge, where something is concealed, such as poker.
Backgammon is not such a game. Everything is in front of you. The person who uses that information in the most effective manner will win.
Walker concluded that backgammon is a game of skill, not a game of chance, and found the defendant, backgammon tournament director Ted Barr, not guilty of promoting gambling.
Early Muslim scholars forbade backgammon. Enthusiasts have formed clubs for social play of backgammon. A backgammon chouette permits three or more players to participate in a single game, often for money.
One player competes against a team of all the other participants, and positions rotate after each game. Chouette play often permits the use of multiple doubling cubes.
Backgammon clubs may also organize tournaments. Large club tournaments sometimes draw competitors from other regions, with final matches viewed by hundreds of spectators.
Winners at major tournaments may receive prizes of tens of thousands of dollars. Starting in January , tournament directors began awarding GammonPoints,  a free points registry for tournament directors and players, with GammonPoint awards based on the number of players and strength of field.
The first world championship competition in backgammon was held in Las Vegas , Nevada in Tim Holland was declared the winner that year and at the tournament the following year.
For unknown reasons, there was no championship in , but in , Tim Holland again won the title. In , Lewis Deyong, who had promoted the Bahamas World Championship for the prior three years, suggested that the two events be combined.
By the 21st century, the largest international tournaments had established the basis of a tour for top professional players.
Major tournaments are held yearly worldwide. PartyGaming sponsored the first World Series of Backgammon in from Cannes and later the "Backgammon Million" tournament held in the Bahamas in January with a prize pool of one million dollars, the largest for any tournament to date.
The event was recorded for television in Europe and aired on Eurosport. In , the WBA collaborated with the online backgammon provider Play65 for the season of the European Backgammon Tour and with "Betfair" in When backgammon is played for money , the most common arrangement is to assign a monetary value to each point, and to play to a certain score, or until either player chooses to stop.
Backgammon is a classic strategy game played with dice. This fun and free edition has everything you need to start playing on your PC today.
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